Education In India
Institute & University
 
   
Compulsory School

The compulsory school system comprises primary and lower secondary schools, Sami schools, special schools for students with impaired sight, hearing or speech and special needs schools for students with intellectual disabilities. Schooling is compulsory and free of charge. Parents do not usually incur any costs for teaching materials, school meals, health care or school transport.

Most children with hearing impairments and nearly all visually impaired and disabled children are taught in compulsory schools. However, deaf children and children with serious hearing impairments go to special schools. Special schools comprise ten grades and are to provide education that is equivalent, as far as possible, to that given in compulsory school. There are also special schools for deaf children or children with hearing impairments who are intellectually disabled.

Special needs schools are available for intellectually disabled children. Compulsory special needs school consists of nine grades, either at primary and lower secondary special needs schools or training schools. Children with minor intellectual disabilities go to primary and secondary special needs schools. Training schools are for students who are so intellectually disabled that they are unable to benefit from education at special needs schools at primary and lower secondary level. Students at special needs schools are entitled to a tenth school year.

Sami children can receive Sami-oriented education in Sami schools. This education corresponds to the first six years of compulsory school.

About the school system
The Swedish Education Act stipulates that all children and young people must have access to education of equal value, irrespective of gender, their geographical place of residence and their social and financial situations.

Sweden has nine years of compulsory schooling from seven years old with an option of a voluntary school start at six years. Alongside the state school system are independent schools, open to all. Independent schools must be approved by the National Agency for Education. Schooling in independent schools must have the same objectives as municipal schools but may, for example, have an ethnic or educational profile that differs from that of municipal schools