Education In India
Institute & University
 
   
Pre School

The pre-school system is intended for children from one year old and until they start in pre-school class or compulsory school. The pre-school system consists of pre-schools, family day-care homes and open pre-schools.

Pre-school today is an intrinsic part of the daily lives of families with children and a precondition for being able to combine parenthood with employment. In 2007 just over 85 per cent of all children aged one to five are enrolled in the pre-school system. Since the autumn of 1998, pre-schools have had their own curriculum in the form of an ordinance. Attention is thus drawn to the importance of pre-school as the first step in lifelong learning. The curriculum is intended to serve as a guide for family day-care homes. The pedagogical principles of the pre-school curriculum are based on the idea that care and the learning situation are linked. Proper care is essential for development and learning while care in itself provides learning opportunities. The importance of play in the childs learning and development is also emphasised, as are the child's own activities. Pre-school is to be fun, secure and instructive for all the children taking part.

Just over 445 000 children are cared for in pre-school and family day-care homes and some 96 000 adults work there.

School-age childcare is intended for school children between the ages of six and twelve and consists of family day-care homes, out-of-school centres and open out-of-school services.

Sweden's Riksdag and Government determine the curriculum, national goals and guidelines of the pre-school and school age childcare systems. Within these frameworks, the individual municipality decides how activities are to be run.